Vodka consists of spirit that is cut with water until its proof is sufficiently low. Additional flavors might be added as long as they do not contain any sugar – which, technically speaking, would make the vodka a liqueur. The bottle is shaped like a hunter.
Spirits in Ukraine are generally produced by state-owned plants, which have a monopoly for producing alcohol of any kind. As of 2007, about 40% of the alcohol produced is used for vodka production. This alcohol is distilled several times (usually three times) to reach a sufficiently high proof, and is subsequently filtered, usually by multiple charcoal filtration. The exact process is kept secret and varies from distillery to distillery, the fundamental principle, however, is that the structure of the active charcoal filters the fusel out of the ethanol solution. The vodka itself is produced by separate companies that are not necessarily state owned.